The effects of smartphones on our brain

Researchers suggest that smartphones build up a variety of impacts on our brains.
Although we guys know this fact, still we are so addicted to smartphones because it has a way to much tempting us and along with it consider to be very useful human daily equipment. 
We are responsible for giving the prevalence of smartphones today, it is a question of interest for, mental health professionals, healthcare practitioners, educators, parents, and anyone who happens to use a smartphone regularly.
An experiment showed up that if we are asked to go a day without our smartphones it seems to be horrific for us even for a short interval of time. 

Walk into the public venue and you will probably find people using their phones for a variety of purposes, from conducting business calls to checking their email to update their Twitter. Our phones have become an inextricable part of our lives. 
But does this reliance on smartphones have any impact our brains?

A study observed by the Radiological Society of North America, researchers found that young people with a so-called internet and smartphone addiction demonstrated imbalances in brain chemistry compared to a control group. Another study appearing in the Journal of the Association for Consumer Research found that cognitive capacity was significantly reduced due to having massive use of phones.

Now you need to know what is cognitive capacity?

Cognitive capacity, the total amount of information the brain is capable of retaining at any particular moment. This amount is finite, so we can say our total capacity is only ever 100%. Doing activities that are habitual does not create a cognitive load, so you can do several of these tasks at once.
Experts suggest that all of this phone use can have an impact on children’s emotional and social development, that it can alter our sleep patterns, which might even turn some people into lazy thinkers and unpredictable change into the human brain. 
Smartphone Might Be Keeping us up at Night
Using our smartphone or tablet at bedtime might be interfering with our sleep, and not because we are staying up late to check our email, scroll through the Facebook news feed, Instagram or play games. Instead, sleep experts warn, it is the type of light emitted from our mobile device’s screen that might be messing up our sleep cycle, even after we turn off our device.

Why this is happening? Who is the culprit behind this?

Basically the blue light emitted by most mobile devices, grab the cells at the back of the eyes contain a light-sensitive protein that picks up certain wavelengths of light. These light-sensitive cells then send signals to the brain that regulate the body's circadian rhythms. Normally, blue light is required to signal our body in the morning to wake up for the day. As you know the evening sky turns out red light which indicates that it is time to wind down and go to bed. Interrupting this natural cycle with the blue light emitted by mobile devices, the normal sleep-wake cycles are thrown out of whack.

"There's a lot of skepticism out there; a lot of people think this is psychological," explained one of the study's authors, Charles Czeisler. "But what we showed is that reading from light-emitting, e-reader devices has profound biological effects."
The next time you’re tempted to play with your mobile device in bed, think about the possible effect this might have on your brain and your sleep and consider picking up a paperback book instead.
Smartphones Might Make Brain lazy
Mobile devices don't just offer distraction these days but also making our brain lazy because you don’t have to memorize phone numbers or keep a Rolodex on your desk no need to use your brain for calculation—all that information is perfectly stored on our phone. Instead of using our brain we started doing Google to get ling over questions, we might have the world around us, we just grab our phone and Google the answers. And that’s the point basically, we are turning our brain into sleeping beauty and it failed to think innovatively that’s why our generation is going back day by day instead of moving forward. 
"The problem with relying on the Internet too much is that you can't know you have the correct answer unless you think about it in an analytical or logical way," explained Gordon Pennycook, one of the study's co-authors.

“Our research provides support for an association between heavy smartphone use and lowered intelligence,” said Pennycook. “Whether smartphones actually decrease intelligence is still an open question that requires future research.”

The researchers warn, however, that the use of mobile devices has far out-paced the available research on the subject. Researchers are just at the beginning stages of understanding the potential short-term and long-term effects that smartphone use might have on the brain. Mobile devices are certainly bound to have their detriments, but the researchers also suggest that we have yet to fully understand the possible ways that they might also benefit the brain.

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