NASA takes one giant leap for mankind


NASA: One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind 
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration  (NASA).  An independent agency of the United States Federal government is responsible for the non-combatant space program along with aeronautics and aerospace research. 

It has been known that NASA was established in 1958, succeeding in the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and it is responsible for the assembly of humankind, it brings out the world into our hands. The new agency was to have a distinctly civilian orientation, uplift peaceful applications in space science. Since its establishment, NASA has been put a lot of effort into exploring space including the Apollo Moon landing missions, the Space Shuttle, and later the Skylab space station. NASA is supporting the development of the Orion Multi-purpose crew, also maintaining Vehicle International space station and the Space Launch System. The agency is also functioning for the Launch service program which provides oversight of launch operations and countdown management. 

NASA science is not only focused on space science but also involved in better understanding Earth through the Earth Observing System, advancing heliophysics(the science of the sun and the physical connections between sun and the solar system) through the efforts of the Science Mission Directorate’s Heliophysics Research Program, advance robotic spacecraft missions and exploring bodies throughout the Solar System missions such as New Horizons and researching astrophysics topics, such as the Big Bang theory.
   
NASA is continuously exploring and discovering things to evolve humankind. It always tends to serve whenever nature and living beings need it. It has been made a lot of discoveries in 2020 which is precious for our Mother Nature and human beings.

    • NASA planet hunter finds its 1st Earth-size habitable zone world.
    • NASA develops COVID-19 prototype ventilator in 37 days
    • NASA discovered the Rhythmic dance of a 5-planet system

Today I am going to discuss its 2nd discovery.
First of all, you need to know what is a ventilator.
Ventilator is a machine that supports breathing. These machines mainly used in hospitals. 

Basic use of ventilator:
    • Carry oxygen into the lungs.
    • Eliminate carbon dioxide from the body. (Carbon dioxide is a waste gas that can be toxic.)
    • Help people breathe easier.
    • Provide breathing hands for people who have lost all ability to breathe on their own.
    • A ventilator also used during treatment for a serious lung disease or other condition that affects normal breathing.
    • Ventilator doesn’t cure a disease or condition. It only used for life support.

During this COVID-19 pandemic, NASA came forward and discovered a high pressure ventilator, VITAL (Ventilator Intervention Technology Accessible locally), by engineers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Southern California in 37 days to treat COVID-19 patients. VITAL can be built faster and maintained easily than a traditional ventilator and the device is composed of far fewer parts, many of which are available to potential manufactures, NASA said. It has a flexible design means it can be modified for use in hospitals being set up in hotels and other high capacity facilities.

VITAL requires patients to be sedated and an oxygen tube inserted into their airway to breathe. The new device wouldn't replace current hospital ventilators, which can last years and are built to address a broader range of medical issues. Instead, VITAL is intended to last three to four months and is specifically tailored for COVID-19 patients.

    • "Intensive care units are seeing COVID-19 patients who require highly dynamic ventilators," said Dr. J.D. Polk, NASA's chief health and medical officer. "The intention with VITAL is to decrease the likelihood patients will get to that advanced stage of the disease and require more advanced ventilator assistance."
    • The Office of Technology Transfer and Corporate Partnerships at Caltech, which manages JPL for NASA, will offer a free license for VITAL and currently is reaching out to the commercial medical industry to find manufacturers for the device.
    • The Office of Technology Transfer and Corporate Partnerships at Caltech, which manages JPL for NASA, will offer a free license for VITAL and currently is reaching out to the commercial medical industry to find manufacturers for the device. 


                                 SLEEPAWAY THE SADNESS OF TODAY    
                          Written by Souradipta Gupta

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